Child Mortality is a core indicator for child health and well-being. The toll of children under the age of five over the past two decades is staggering: between 1990 and 2015, 236 million children worldwide died before their fifth birthday. In 2000, the world leaders agreed on one of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) as reducing the under-five mortality rate by two-thirds between 1990 and 2015, known as the MDG 4 target. However, with the end of MDG era and being unsuccessful to achieve the target, the international community has agreed on the new framework – the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). The proposed SDG target for child mortality represents is: by 2030, preventable deaths of newborns to be reduced to at least as low as 12 deaths per 1,000 live births and under-five mortality to at least as low as 25 deaths per 1,000 live births. In order to meet this target, it is imperative to understand the main causes behind child mortality.
Kristen Yee is the Program Officer of Saving Lives at Birth Program at Grand Challenges Canada. Grand Challenges Canada is funded by the Government of Canada and fund innovators for outcome-based innovation to save and improve lives in low and middle-income countries. In her role as a Program Officer, she works to ensure interventions are participatory and entail the perspectives of those such interventions aim to support
Shaun Morris is a clinician-scientist in the Division of Infectious Diseases at the Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids) and scientist and principal investigator, Child Health Evaluative Sciences, SickKids Research Institute and Centre for Global Child Health. He is also an assistant Professor of Paediatrics at the University of Toronto, cross appointed to the Division of Global Health at the Dalla Lana School of Public Health. He completed his medical degree at Queen’s University, Kingston, ON, and his Master’s in Public Health at Johns Hopkins University. Dr. Morris’ current research interests include large scale observational studies of childhood morbidity and mortality in South Asia, randomized controlled trials of low cost interventions to save lives and improve neurodevelopment in Asia and Africa, and the epidemiology of globally important infectious diseases in Canada.
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