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This is the second episode of the BTH Insight Series, where we examine various policy topics within the hour. On today’s show, we discuss the barriers Canadian women face in accessing the abortion pill Myfegimiso, the public security, safety, and privacy implications of cryptography, and the labour market barriers faced by people living with disabilities.

Abortion Access Barriers from the Nursing Perspective

In the two-part series, BTH examined abortion access barriers in Canada. In part one, BTH provided listeners with an on-the-ground look by talking to non-profit organizations and activists to see how accessing abortion is still an issue in Canada. In part two, a deeper look into these issues was examined, addressing many of the systemic barriers preventing women from accessing abortion services, particularly at a government level.

In a follow-up from the two-part series, BTH examined abortion access services from the nursing perspective.

Josette Roussel is a Senior Nurse Advisor for the Canadian Nurses Association (CNA). Josette provides leadership in advancing the nursing profession to build a better future for Canadian health care. Her current role as a Senior Nurse Advisor is pivotal to CNA’s work in transforming research findings into evidence-informed nursing policy. She is an expert with advanced practice nursing. [Interview at 1:41].

The Policy Implications of Cryptography

Encryption has become an increasingly sensitive policy issue over the past decade. Concerns over the security of communications have, at times, pitted the ideas of freedom and state security against one another. Encryption has caused states to become concerned about its use for planning criminal activity. To that end we ask: what powers should security apparatuses be afforded in monitoring communications and what impact can this have on the public?

Lex Gill works at the intersection of technology, law, and social change as a research fellow to the Citizen Lab, an interdisciplinary research laboratory based at the Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto. She is a former Google Policy Fellow to the Canadian Internet Policy and Public Interest Clinic and a former affiliate and researcher to the Berkman Klein Center for Internet and Society at Harvard University. Lex holds an undergraduate degree and graduate diploma from Concordia University, and a B.C.L./LL.B. from McGill University’s Faculty of Law. [Interview at 19:29].

Labour Market Barriers to People Living with Disabilities

People living with intellectual, physical or any other disabilities often face labour market barriers, and on average, are not afforded the same professional opportunities as able bodied individuals. One reason for this is that employers often hold a negative attitude about people living with disabilities as they equate disability with low productivity and higher costs to society. In the event that a worker with an intellectual or physical disability requires accommodations, such as greater flexibility in their work schedule or wheelchair accessible work environment, employers often do not want to commit the necessary resources to accommodate for these needs. This leads to occupational segregation, which limits the earnings potential of people living with a disability as they are often forced to work in low-skilled occupations that tend to pay lower wages. On top of that, depending on the nature and degree of the disability, people living with these disabilities could often face additional barriers to education. Taken together, these factors contribute to labour market inequality that is unfavourable for people with disability.

“Every year since the Americans with Disabilities Act has been in place (which is now over 25 years) employment rates have declined and earnings have basically stagnated” – David Pettinicchio, U of T Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology and School of Public Policy & Governance.

Professor David Pettinicchio is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Sociology, with a cross-affiliation at the School of Public Policy and Governance at the University of Toronto. Professor Pettinichio’s research is focused on the ways in which political entrepreneurship and political institutional arrangements shape policy agendas. He has written extensively about disability policy and the impact such policies have on the labour market. [Interview at 41.39].



Julia Chan, Host, Senior Producer, Content Editor, Technical Producer
Kayla Ishkanian, Senior Producer, Content Editor
Jonah Kotzer,
Senior Producer, Content Editor
Hiba Siddiqui, Lead Social Media Director
Aniket Kumar,
BTH Reporter
Tony Yin, BTH Reporter
Ian T. D. Thomson, Executive Producer

Music Credits
Not Dead 
by Fine Times
Everything Now 
by Arcade Fire
On the Level 
by Mac DeMarco
Sprawl II (Mountains Beyond Mountains) 
by Arcade Fire